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Why do ethnic and religious categories often become more salient in situations of conflict?

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Belief and moral principles have been placed as a measure of guidelines in society to improve the behavior of people. Different people have a diverse religious conviction which drives some to make claims about their belief system being the most nuanced approach for an individual to stay active and to legislate public behaviors that are based on the concern of isolated religious passages. All the religious traditions believe that their faith represents a pathway to clarification and deliverance. Ethics are general decision-making tools used by an individual of any religious opinion that includes atheists, while religion claims the social conduct and proper treatment of others (Gallego‐Alvarez, Rodríguez‐Domínguez & Martín, 2020).

The challenging part of life and the reason we need ethics is the existence of good and evil in life, and they are often defined by our circumstances, finance, ethnicity, gender, age, and unique way of life.

Keywords: Religion, Ethnicity, Race, Culture


Ethics can be defined in several ways as the moral responsibility to present the truth as It should be. The difference between religion and ethics is that ethics typically refer to the choice about right and wrongs; ethics is a branch of philosophy that deals with investigating question what is good and bad to reward one group with additional benefits than the other while religion is marking claims about the beliefs on their system of being the best way for an individual to live happily and trying to convert non-believers to legislate public behaviors based around the isolated religious passage.

The connection between personality along community incorporation is indistinct. Individuality can facilitate and contradict incorporation. Society needs an assured intensity and consistency for upholding the community in the regime.

Why do ethnic and religious categories often become more salient in situations of conflict?

Racial personality advance evolves on the personality creation on how people categorize their character through mental connection. Racial can also be distinguished at the same time as a measurement of one’s perception of categorization.

The growth of racial personality emerges during the adolescence period. It also illustrates the process of contraction of identity over some time due to uniqueness over some time, outstanding and grouping of skill in addition to events of the people such as gaining familiarity, consideration in-union, and essence of belonging.

Ethnic personality is interchanged with detained distinct and measured as concurring by ethnical artistic and even national identity variance into the similarity between the opinion. It can also originate from the dichotomy of the past conceptualization of model and race surrounding ethic and cultural identity. The study on racial identity advance is broad. However, the familiarity of Americans during the emergence of civil rights movements spread over time, including racial groups. The idea of racial personality is misunderstood and results in several meanings resulting from biological aspects and social dimensions (Lee, 2017).

Race is also measured to be derived from an individual’s physical features, e.g., the White and Black skin color. The social structure of cultural distinctiveness and the logic of cooperative personality is most suitable on the person’s awareness to the interest of enduring legacy by the exacting cultural alliance. The racial identity and expression are based on the persons who appear similar but on the other hand, it has a deep allusion to how an individual is treated.

The Theories of Ethnicity

The nature of ethnicity, what’re the forces that build and sustain ethnicity? There is a fundamental question that ethics must answer.

Ethnicity has evolved and become a primary key and the contest analytical idea used to differentiate individuality group in the broader science and day to day life tends to refer to the categorization of people and borders with shared ideas or myth of a common origin and history. Ethnicity is related to marginal (culture and religion) groups that are unlike that of the majority as well as the minority.

Ethnicity is also essential to a relational awareness about demarcations, which involves building similarity and differences among two or more groups in social relations; ethnic groups are always defined relating to some other groups. The process also includes both members non-members are known.

The Concept of Ethnicity

It’s essential to clarify the meaning of ethnicity, whereby ethnicity is clear perception. Ethnicity is the ethnic group where individuals recognize with the experience to be in the right place. Civilization is also a determined cultural connection instead of race, nationality, and residency. Civilization in individuals creates anticipation and the desire to add to the cultural meeting.

A racial faction can be prepared by natives who encompass subsequently characteristic, the standard, an appropriate person’s identity two or else additional to basics of universal society that require existing fastidious and might comprise religion, way of life, and unique society verbal communication interest, approach, and action.

The Problem of Defining Ethnic Group/ Identity

The government in the multicultural aspect is increasingly a challenge in mitigating the compilation of national and national data under-attack doctrines and sustainment. Given mounting opposition to ethnic-based policies in South Africa, it’s time to consider questions that are risen from the ongoing debate. The minor group ought to advantage from targeted policies and proceedings.

1. The statistical and lawful definitions of the manor being amended, taking to the court of both recognized ethnicity and descent.

2. The program seeks to militate drawbacks, being oriented on the way to those who strongly identify as minor because the majority are likely to be in need.

Problem and method

Interrelation has always remained one of this century’s most complex problems. Its mainly universal form, either cultural difference, lies in inter-ethnic relations. They constitute one of the many patterns of asynchronous cultural advance, which results in the development of countries, regions, and persons.

Culture is always discrete in space and adapted to the greatest possible extent to the conditions and resources. Racial distinctiveness is also distinct to the human creature considered or subscribes to the educational attitude and traditional commonly similar to racial surroundings.

Multi-group Ethnic Individuality

Cultural identity is a perception that personality and the way of life that are allied with the group, the individual with the intelligence of ethnic group members evaluate and throughout membership for personal identity also changes more than the point in time as an outcome of discovery.

Ethnic as well as racial identity amongst minority youths; the literature on ethnic identity progress among African teenagers has not explored the existence within the population. Many Whites give the pervasive allusion of African slavery claim both Africans and English tradition. This intersection between civilization and race is unique to the people, and therefore it deserves more consideration in the literature.

Fair Treatment

Observation during sports racism, equal conduct resulting in racial and ethnic identities, occurs across the sporting environment. Discrimination also affects the college certified and elite sports from the peripheral position on the teams (Stewart, F. ed., 2016).

The most identified racist action sport includes stacking whereby a group of an athlete is funneled into the marginal positions on the team.

Race and Culture

The race and culture issues create appealing disputes in both genders during the age of 4-6 years. Kids turn out to be more familiar with cultural differences and history before puberty commences. On the other hand, adolescent teenagers make a conscious obligation to be members of their culture, which may differ from their leading traditions.

Cultural Influence on Adolescent Development

  • In the academic success field, the adolescent is said to have been developing an absence of high racial and ethnic features and the similarities encompassed also allied employing affirmative intellectual effect. Ethnic identification affirmation has also been positive related with lectures information among students’ grades and behaviors. Concerning positive association attitude also has been found along and the Europe grades that are different from those of the various races, the attainment of cultural and confidential look upon is related to the student’s identification with their learning organization.

  • The academic value.

  • The beliefs that academic is essential for future achievement.

  • The learning institution is useful for current future lives.

Religion has also caused several harms to the group which is a result of ordinary belief why they perform to be in the right place to equal ethnic groups. A religious conviction may unite members in one period just for the group to form diverse cultural beliefs in a while.

Culture is the most contested issue in politics. People are divided by status, religion, and generation. During the European beginning to form their patriotism, enlightening affiliations on jagged course group lines, the landowners, and tenants, the idea of individual belongs in the solitary state’s direction were not as sound.

Changing World Ethnicity

The development could give the feeling to encompass civilization. One of the most important defining characteristics of communal conflict in humankind today. During the philosophy trials, the fall on communalist scheme in the direction of containing a tribal difference in the middle of the organization compared amid the other individual group for worldwide superiority rehabilitated the dispute.

The worldwide Immigration

The progress concern has changed inside the worldwide relocation pattern to the scene of lack of confidence and fear generation within the middle of the native group in the state in receipt of migration.

After the instant globe combat and the yielding of self-determination for previous global relocation tend to take on south to north flow rather than the southward flow characterized by earlier significant scale European settlement.

Dynamic of ethnic conflicts

Ethics dynamics do not always translate into a genuine grievance. Some of these do not intend to threaten social and political orders as mutually accepted mechanisms exist to manage them. Others are however difficult to manage because sometimes they tend to be violent. These emotional conflicts have led to the emergence of many indigenous subgroups that took part to demonstrate cultural beliefs, creating widespread instability, and that led to the loss of life. Although ethnic conflict erupts instinctively others in need of political entrepreneurs of the business and discourse to activate them.

Ethical groups mobilize competition for the faithfulness of their population followers. Four categories of ethnic conflict can be distinguished based on groups, objectives, and orientation towards the state. They define the discourse of its resistance.

Separatist Movement

Separatist conflict can take two formations, i.e., secession and internal autonomy. The essential condition for independence is the availability of territory that the aggrieved group claims its defense. Such territory is difficult to obtain because it may span several states. All the separatist conflict is pursued through armed struggle.

Competition on the State Resources

On the imps that are not to create an alternative state and capture the obtainable condition and advance access to the trouble, this objective may lead to demand for secession and autonomy (Kaiman 2015). More than a few separation movements begin from the competition on the existing state and graduate into fully-fledged division movements.


Development of Religious Identity

Religion is a feature that always identifies with a powerful impact on politics in a state or region, particularly on the broader cultural conflict (Margolis 2017). The significant point is that social adjustment destabilizes a dichotomy among individuals’ performance.

The religious beliefs may take on a highly opinionated form through, for example, the reinforcement of ethnicity and their involvement with transcendental and importance is that it gives society a sense of humor.

Dynamic of Religious Conflicts

In the past, religion has been used as an essential tool for social integration and unity in the social order. The religious beliefs may take on an incredibly political form from beginning to end, an example, the reinforcement of ethnicity and their association with a transcendental value that believes provides society with a prospect of humor.

Modernity sustains secularism and the complete handling of humans from the restriction of the growing dominance of religion. As a result of dangerous and violent groups have sprung up in Kenya at different times, employing a multiparty of operations modes, including violence.

The role of religion in disagreement has been stirred by positive and negative development which includes the secularization of the globe that raises religious dispute (Sarkar 2017).

Culturalist Groups

Groups come into sight when societies contribute to both religion and ethnic affiliation perceives themselves as a powerless and repressed minority within a state dominated by outsiders. The enlistment of the assemblage of the grouping civilization is diverted towards achieving self-control. During the enlightenment, cultural groups emerged to help solve the problem of culture among the members of the community (Rodriguez 2018).

Cultureless groups come forward when a society sharing religious and ethnic affinity perceives itself as an incapable and subdued minority within a state conquered by outsiders (Sarkar 2016). The mobilization of the opposition group’s culture is aimed at achieving self-control, self-government, or self-determination. Creed followed by ethnic marginal provides part of the ideological foundation for action against the legislative organization of dominant culture. Cultureless campaigns seek to further one cultural or ethnic group concerning either state power or that of other groups within the position.

community-Oriented Groups

The appearance of a commonly motivated group of people religiosity, particularly observable among the privileged, created good relations with the cultural groups. The advanced sets of the community-oriented religious way of life have been a mobilize on the ideology of resistance to existing practices. Community-oriented movements emerge as a result of the profound societal and economic changes related to transformation. The disagreement of communist rule became more and more evident in Eastern Europe, young radicalized priests pushed senior echelons of the Church hierarchy toward opposition to governmental oppression, and human beings’ rights are violated.

Conflict on cultural and spiritual identity is related to violent political behavior, even though the majority community activities with the intention of anxious employing utilizing individuality and accomplish aggressive promoter behavior as earnings of altering (Callero, 2017). Reason for the close categorization of aggressive routine by resources of individuality with the intention the preponderance central disagreement in humankind these days has cultural or religious scope. The packaging up the end of the collective strange includes noisily reduced the incidence of conflict based on material ideals. Still, political violence based on identity has often been destructive and uncontrollable. At one juncture, political violence becomes part of the dynamics of diversity; it ceases to be only a needy changeable that has to be explained by reference to better independent processes and events. In such situations, political aggression may alter the meaning, direction, and, without a doubt, the very origin for the decree of the disagreement and scrutinize responsibility supporting aggression into communal conflict.

The policy approach to identity-based conflict

Civilization and spiritual conduct are forms of awareness that over and over again represent the proper response to the disordered circumstances of contemporary living (Li, 2016). Make available wealth to on individual circumstance that is unfriendly services on current living situation and grip. But it is also evident that nearly everyone in attendance fights to tend fuel principles and self-clarification, a discovery of guiding principle option that possibly will compact troubles to racial and devout war and take sides of violent performance.


This discussion demonstrates why a particular guiding principle is satisfactory that deals with the tribulations facing the community, supporting steadiness to contribute to an ethical society. By the exact side moment, no ethnic civilization is likely to avoid the use of the policies of devolution and power-sharing in the long run if it is to take pleasure in political stability and an up to the standard level of social cohesion. However, such policies may have to reflect the historical experiences and social structures of individual societies and have to be based on solid foundations of civic as well as ordinary nationality rights. A guiding principle set entirely on national group rights is likely to solidify relationships among the community to endorse cultural prejudice and ascertain group constitutional rights. These discipline persons seek to be on both sides of go beyond grouping politics and upset community relations and personal well-being.


Callero, P. L. (2017). The myth of individualism: How social forces shape our lives. Rowman & Littlefield.

Gallego‐Alvarez, I., Rodríguez‐Domínguez, L., & Martín Vallejo, J. (2020). An analysis of business ethics in the cultural contexts of different religions. Business Ethics: A European Review29(3), 570-586.

Kaiman, C. M. (2015). Environmental justice and community-based reparations. Seattle UL Rev.39, 1327.

Lee, R. J. (2017). Mistrustful and misunderstood: a review of paranoid personality disorder. Current behavioral neuroscience reports, 4(2), 151-165.

Li, D. (2016). Civilization: The Modernization of Spiritual Culture. In On Chinese Culture (pp. 245-284). Springer, Singapore

Margolis, M. F. (2018). How politics affects religion: Partisanship, socialization, and religiosity in America. The Journal of Politics80(1), 30-43.

Rodriguez, S. M. (2018) The Economies of Queer Inclusion: Transnational Organizing for LGBTI Rights in Uganda. Rowman & Littlefield.

Sarkar, N., 2016. Translating legacies and re-imagining the alter/” native” cultural identity: a reading of Derek Walcotts plays (Doctoral dissertation, University of North Bengal).

Sarkar, S., 2017. Conflict Ecologies: Gender, Genre, and Environment in Narratives of Violent Conflict in Postcolonial India (Doctoral dissertation, The George Washington University).

Stewart, F. ed., 2016. Horizontal inequalities and conflict: Understanding group violence in multiethnic societies. Springer.

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