Socialization is a very vital part of human existence, and the family plays a very fundamental role in establishing effective relations. The family helps form the basis on which a person gains cultural and individual identity. In every person’s experiences, they experience either positive or negative influences of socialization regardless of variation in environmental surroundings. The family set up forms one of the agencies in which one is introduced to social concepts such as culture and establishes a psychological response to the environment and affects their relations with different aspects. It is quite familiar that the cultural and environmental behavior set up are the fundamental building blocks of socialization. The family systems exist in common constitutions such as the nuclear, extended, and single parents which influence an individual differently. The family plays a vital role in shaping an individual’s behavior through constructive molding and guidance on how to interact with society. This goes to show that a child who unfortunately lacks a family to bring them up may undergo negative socialization.
There are various sociological theories that have been developed over the years that explain the relationship between the dynamic environment and various socialization aspects and hoe the family plays a vital role in developing children in respectable and productive memebers of the society. Every member of the family has a vital role to play in moulding a childs behaviour and the mother often plays the leading role. This is because she initiates the socialization process with her children and helps them to develop a sense of belonging. The family influences cultural aspects such as the norms, respect, and values that a child adapts. Children acquire these cultural and environmental responses by listening and observing what the rest of the family members do thus affecting aspects such as respect of existing systems. It is therefore evident that a family is required to set up a decent environment in which the children can adopt admirable behaviours to fit in a given society as they are a product of their environment. It is rather difficult to explain behaviour without touching on environment therefore positive environments help develop socially upright children and avoid exposure to negative influences such as criminal escapes, alcoholism, drug abuse and immoral behaviours which a child can assimilate from their surroundings. As the children are growing up they often interact with other society memebers such as the childs peers, extended family and teachers and it is the role of the family to familiarize themselves with these different influences as the child is under their care and it helps to ensure that the values they were taught are not eroded during such interactions. From the above brief explanation it is evident that family relationships form the basis of socialization that is established to ensure that the following generations in society conform to cultural standards. The family is therefore responsible for a child personality, social stability and discipline, knowledge, order and cultural transmission. This happens through three basic steps beginning with genetic inheritance and psychological influences in addition to the environmental set up