The Reflection Bay
Reflection Bay is one of Canada’s eighty-sixes remote communities that are experiencing electrical problems. They rely on huge, locally operated, and run diesel generators for electricity. This source of electricity encompasses various drawbacks such as noise, pollution due to emission of toxic gases to the atmosphere, fuel spilled during transportation results in environmental delinquent. Purchasing and conveying the fuel at Reflection Bay is very costly. This project intends to figure out the steps that Reflection Bay is supposed to take to bring it back to its previous status and even further economically by coming up with a better source of electricity source that will effectively serve all the necessities of the entire community. This is imperative to the local community since they will enjoy enough and less costly electricity to run their errands, there will be less environmental pollution, and the reliability of the source of power will be superlative. Likewise, there will be an increase in revenue due to increased employment and income from the fish packing factory.
The stakeholders in this project include; the BC government, the main funders, the Reflection Bay mayor Molly, the three council affiliates, and Relic. These stakeholders are mainly interested in ensuring that Reflection Bay attains sustainable economic development. They are dedicated to figuring out how Reflection Bay can embrace adequate power supply to serve its inhabitants and the businesses and provide future growth of the community. They also desire to decide on which of the proposed economic advancement opportunities will positively impact the community.
There are various proposed alternative sources of electricity that can be employed in Reflection Bay. One of them is substituting the present diesel generator with a new and more effective one. The issue with this generator is that it will provide equal production capacity with the previous one, and the price of power will marginally drop. Even future necessities will be on the community. This will be of less help to the community as they will have just postponed their current problem. The other alternative is the employment of Remote Community Electriﬁcation Program (RCEP)) BC hydro will fully install and take care of future advancements, and it has a ﬁxed price of $0.20 per kWh. Despite all these, Reflection Bay shouldn’t take on this proposal since the program utilizes diesel generators to generate electricity, accompanied by environmental pollution due to the emission of gasses (Giwa et al., 2019). Also, sea pollutions due to the spitting of the fuel can be harmful to the fish, which are one of the main sources of income to the society hence prompting economic downfall. Additionally, the program is presently not taking new applicants. There is no likelihood that they will be opened even though the Perfect Bay mayor claims confirmation from a dependable source. It may or not.
The last proposed alternative is implementing renewable energy amenities such as wind, solar, and micro-hydro. Renewable power sources such as wind and sun based have significant inconstancy issues. As the creation of power from wind plants or solar panels is reliant on the instant accessibility of wind or sunbeams. Because you can’t store the vitality like hydropower dams, the creation will vary with the climate. This inconstant nature has presented itself repeatedly as one of the significant technical difficulties when endeavoring to incorporate renewable energy into present power grids. Little volumes of renewable energy added to the grid will barely be noted and necessitate minimal in the process of stabilizing by utilities. Be that as it may, as the share develops and more energy from renewables are conveyed onto the grid, the stabilizing exercise turns out to be more troublesome. There are different gauges concerning how much variability a framework can endure; however, it has concurred that with different approximations in grid adaptability, hybrid frameworks, energy stockpiling, gas turbines, and demand managing, a lot more prominent degrees of infiltration can be accomplished. Concentrated solar power (CSP) is one of the promising innovations regarding alleviating or staying away from fluctuation issues; storing times for CSP change from four to eight hours after the sun goes down. Specialists forecast that as the innovation develops over the extensive-term, storing capabilities will increment (Zahedi, 2011). Now, with all that, it donates that these sources of energy are currently of no help to Reflection Bay as far as its necessities are concerned.
Therefore, the best solution for Reflection Bay’s electricity problem is implementing micro-hydro as its source of power. Comprising a perfect river, Reflection Bay is appropriate for Micro-hydro amenity. This is because streaming water has potential energy that can be collected as it streams down. Micro- Hydro energy frameworks transform the potential energy in little streams and watercourses into kinetic energy through a mechanical turbine, which pushes a generator to create power. The bigger the drop and amount of water flowing through the turbine, the more power can be produced. It might be costly to put up this facility, but it’s far cheaper to maintain it than a generator that depends on fuel to operate. An additional advantage to this facility will produce roughly double the electricity produced by the present diesel generators. This implies that Reflection Bay will be able to manage its future development without any problems. Reflection Bay will also be able to sell excess power to BC Hydro if at all they need it.
Regarding the development proposals, the fish packing plant extension ought to be prioritized. This is because it is the best out of all bids provided as it will directly profit the community. Once it is expanded, there will be a creation of employment vacancies, the factory will produce a lot of fish for sale, and this income will be generated directly to the Reflection Bay. This suggests that the community will economically grow, which is the best move even though it might be perceived as a conflict of interest due to its approval. The main deal is to lift this region by all means. To accomplish all these, the administration of Reflection Bay, which incorporates Mayor Molly and her affiliates, ought to present their report to the BC government. Later the government shall review it, and for any chance they have a problem in executing the selected options, they should be equipped enough to convince the BC government of the benefits they will gain. Afterward, the BC government will instigate the undertaking though it will be quite expensive to build the micro-hydro facility.
Giwa, S. O., Nwaokocha, C. N., & Adeyemi, H. O. (2019). Noise and emission characterization of off-grid diesel-powered generators in Nigeria. Management of Environmental Quality: an International Journal.
Zahedi, A. (2011). A review of drivers, benefits, and challenges in integrating renewable energy sources into electricity grid. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(9), 4775-4779.